Substantive/Structural Editing $10.00
Stylistic Editing $6.00
Copyediting $5.00
Proofreading $4.00
Manuscript Evaluation $3.00

Rates are determined after an assessment of a sample of the work. Please see What Do Editors Charge? for more information on how these rates were calculated.

I use the Standard Freelance Editorial Agreement provided by the Editor’s Association of Canada.


If what you’re looking for is thorough feedback on a completed draft, a manuscript evaluation is a helpful place to start.

A manuscript evaluation addresses the content, structure, and presentation of your manuscript, in addition to any precise questions you may have. Like a diagnostic report, it will identify major strengths and weaknesses, and point to the next steps in the writing process.

This service is ideal for writers who are looking for constructive editorial insights on their work.

Want to discuss a project? Get in touch!


Substantive editing addresses all major elements of a manuscript, including structure, content, language, presentation, and mechanics. During this process, the editor works directly with the writer to identify their goals and audience, and mould the manuscript accordingly.

Substantive editing can include:

  • Rearranging or rewriting unclear or convoluted passages.
  • Identifying undeveloped or missing sections and bridging gaps in logic.
  • Fixing pacing issues.
  • Paring wordy passages.
  • Verifying and/or revising facts.
  • Correcting grammatical, syntactical, and usage errors.
  • Ensuring mechanical (e.g. spelling, punctuation, capitalization, etc.) consistency.
  • Matching table of contents and chapters to page numbers and ensuring footnotes, endnotes, tables, and figures line up.

This service is ideal for writers who have a completed manuscript that has not undergone significant revisions. It’s the first step in preparing a manuscript for publication.

Want to discuss a project? Get in touch!


Stylistic editing targets paragraphs and sentences. The goal of this step is to achieve clarity, improve the overall flow of the text, and polish the language.

Stylistic editing can include:

  • Identifying the focus of each paragraph and reordering, removing, or rewriting sentences accordingly.
  • Assessing sentence construction and word choice for clarity and making necessary rewrites.
  • Identifying ambiguities or gaps in logic.
  • Improving transitions between paragraphs and sentences to maintain flow.
  • Ensuring that the language is appropriate for the intended audience.
  • Improving the consistency of tone and voice.
  • Paring wordy passages.

Stylistic editing is a crucial step between substantive editing and copyediting that is ideal for writers whose manuscripts have already undergone substantial revisions.

Want to discuss a project? Get in touch!


Copyediting addresses issues at the word level. The goal of this step is to ensure consistency, accuracy, and completeness. In many cases, it also involves formatting a manuscript for publication.

Copyediting can include:

  • Editing for grammar, spelling, punctuation, capitalization, and other mechanical issues.
  • Correcting usage errors.
  • Identifying and applying a consistent editorial style, according to a given style sheet or manual (e.g. APA, Chicago, MLA, etc.)
  • Flagging and either querying or correcting factual errors.
  • Ensuring that the formatting of tables, photos, and non-text elements is consistent.
  • Checking the manuscript for completeness, including captions, links, references, citations, and copyright acknowledgement.

It’s not uncommon for writers to seek copyediting before submitting their work to publishers. Copyediting can help you to make the best possible first impression.

Want to discuss a project? Get in touch!


Proofreading is the final step in the editing process. It involves checking printed proofs of edited material for layout and minor mechanical errors.

Want to discuss a project? Get in touch!